FORMAL UNIFORM ORDER of 1810:
H’d Quarters of the Marine Corps
Washington April 19th, 1810
The following dress will be the uniform of the Marine Corps.
Officers- Navy blue coat, buttoned across the breast, with two rows of Navy buttons, right on each side, the button-holes laced, & brot to a point in the center thus , Three buttons on the sleeves laced in the same manner, the pockets with three buttons plac’d & with lace similar to the sleeves; the collar of scarlet, with two buttons on each side laced; laced cuffs scarlet, the skirts turn’d up with scarlet & two laced Diamonds on blue ground on each thus, the lapels of the coat lin’d with scarlet & three button-holes laced on each side, this however not to be seen when on duty in Winter. Vest & pantaloons white: Cock’t Hat, or shapeau-bras, with gold lace-loop, & navy button under the cockade, the cockade of leather thus described, the Hat to be worn over the right eye, the range of the cock of the Hat of course over the left eye, with Gold Tassels from the sides. Scarlet plumes; the hair queued and powder’d. The officers when in full uniform, are to wear a scarlet sash round the waist, outside the coat and over the belt, tied on the left side& over the thigh. Black boots to the knee, with black silk Tassels. Black leather stock when on Duty.
The Officer Grades are to be determined in the following manner vis.
A Colonel- Two Gold Epauletts, one on each shoulder
A Major- Two Gold Epauletts, one on each shoulder
A Captain- A Gold Epaulett on the right shoulder & Gold counter-strap on the left
A First Lieut.- A Gold epaulett on the right shoulder. A Second Lieut.- A gold Epaulett on the left shoulder
The Staff to wear- A Gold Epaulett, & Counter-strap embroidered on blue Cloth.
Side Arms-Yellow-mounted Sabres, with Gilt scabbards, & white cross belts with Gilt plates.
The Uniform of Marines
To be a coatee single breasted, one row of buttons, yellow worsted binding on each side, the extreme ends of which represent a half Diamond thus , white cloth pantaloons, with black cloth Gaiters to the knee. Linen overalls in the Summer, high crown’d Caps, without a brim, & a plume of red plush on its front, with a brass eagle and plate. Hat-band of yellow cord, with a Tassel of the same colour. Sergeants to wear leather cockades on the left side of the Hat, with scarlet plume.
Quartermaster of the Marine Corps Circular:
QM office HQ M. Corps Washn Oct 20 1813
I have been directed by the Lt. Col. Commanding to state to you the quantity of clothing which in the future will be allowed to each Marine during his five years’ enlistment.
The reduction, which is made in some articles, of which neither the comfort or appearance of the soldier requires one in each year, is made up to him in his fatigue suit, which adds to his comfort and enables him to preserve his uniform. This, I am informed, is not a new regulation but an old one much neglected.
Clothing for 5 years
I have the honor to be respectfully your obt servt
 Records of The Quartermaster’s Department 1813-1942, RG 127.5, National Archives and Record Administration, Washington D. C.